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Unpacking the Elements of Scientific Reasoning


Researchers in cognition, education, and the learning sciences have conducted many studies of scientific reasoning. These studies have done much to inform our understanding of the specific skills involved in scientific reasoning. Now there is a need to synthesize the work to better characterize the larger construct of scientific reasoning. The present research project reviews these studies to systematically characterize scientific reasoning. This is an important step for science education reform efforts to improve instruction by further understanding the cognitive processes involved in science learning.